In 1889, the famous pizzaiolo Raffaelle Esposito of Naples created a special pizza for Queen Margherita of Savoy. As pizza during this time was not a dish consumed by the privileged, Esposito wanted to honor the Queen by recreating the colors red, white and green of the Italian Flag. He used his famous red Pomodoro sauce, local bufala mozzarella cheese and fresh basil in the pizza he prepared. Queen Margherita enjoyed the pizza so much that the food became popular with all walks of life, and over a century later we know it throughout the world as the Margherita Pizza.
Definition of Words or La definizione di parole
- An Italian term for the outer puffy edge of the pizza, known as the "lip"
- An abbreviation for Denominazione d'Origine Protetta, or "denomination of protected origin," this mark from the European Community was created to indicate the authenticity of certain foods
- Double Zero Flour
- The most highly refined flour which is talcum-powder soft, perfect for pizza crust
- The measurement of the dough's capability to be shaped and stretched without breaking
- Mozzarella di Bufala Campania
- Specific cheese made with the milk from water buffalo raised in the marshlands of Campania and Lazio
- A form of single-cell organism that converts sugars and starches into alcohol and carbon dioxide causing dough to rise
- Parmigiano Reggiano
- A salty, sharp-flavored and hard-grating cheese, which takes 10 to 24 months to prepare
- The long paddle on which the pizza sits on while sliding into the oven
- The final rise of the dough, before baking
- San Marzano Tomatoes
- Special, DOP-certified tomatoes grown on the volcanic plains to the south of Mount Vesuvius